capital

[13] Etymologically, capital is something that is at the top or ‘head’; it comes from Latin caput ‘head’. The various current English uses of the word reached us, however, by differing routes. The first to come was the adjective, which originally meant simply ‘of the head’ (Milton in Paradise lost wrote of the Serpent’s ‘capital bruise’, meaning the bruise to its head); this came via Old French capital from Latin capitālis, a derivative of caput. The other senses of the adjective have derived from this: ‘capital punishment’, for instance, comes from the notion of a crime which, figuratively speaking, affects the head, or life. Its use as a noun dates from the 17th century: the immediate source of the financial sense is Italian capitale. 93 caravan The architectural capital ‘top of a column’ (as in ‘Corinthian capitals’) also comes from Latin caput, but in this case the intermediate form was the diminutive capitellum ‘little head’, which reached English in the 14th century via Old French capitel. => CATTLE, CHAPTER, HEAD

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

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  • CAPITAL — La profusion des significations du terme «capital» dans l’ensemble de la littérature économique constituerait pour les linguistes un excellent exemple du peu d’aptitude de tout mot à contenir à la fois le général (ou l’essentiel) et le spécifique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • capital — cap·i·tal 1 adj [Latin capitalis, from caput head, a person s life (as forfeit)] 1 a: punishable by death capital murder b: involving execution a capital case 2 [Medieval Latin capitalis chief, principal, from Latin …   Law dictionary

  • capital — capital, ale (ka pi tal, ta l ) adj. 1°   Où il s agit de la tête ou de la vie ; qui mérite le dernier supplice. Procès capital. Intenter une accusation capitale. Condamner quelqu un à la peine capitale. •   Et Cinna vous impute à crime capital… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • capital — cap i*tal (k[a^]p [i^]*tal), n. [Cf. L. capitellum and capitulum, a small head, the head, top, or capital of a column, dim. of caput head; F. chapiteau, OF. capitel. See {chief}, and cf. {cattle}, {chattel}, {chapiter}, {chapter}.] 1. (Arch.) The …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capital G — «Capital G» Сингл Nine Inch Nails из ал …   Википедия

  • Capital — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término capital (del latín caput, cabeza) puede referirse a los siguientes conceptos: En derecho y finanzas, el capital es una cantidad de dinero que se presta o se impone, de la cual se distingue el interés… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Capital — Cap i*tal, a. [F. capital, L. capitalis capital (in senses 1 & 2), fr. caput head. See {Chief}, and cf. {Capital}, n.] 1. Of or pertaining to the head. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise Expect with mortal pain.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capital — Beschreibung Wirtschaftszeitschrift Sprache Deutsch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • capital — adjetivo 1. (antepuesto / pospuesto) Que tiene mucha importancia: error capital. Este asunto tiene un interés capital para mí. Tu opinión es de capital importancia para todos nosotros. pecado* capital. pena* capital. adjetivo,sustantivo femenino… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • capital — (Del lat. capitālis). 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo a la cabeza. 2. En la doctrina cristiana, se dice de los siete pecados o vicios que son cabeza u origen de otros; como la soberbia. 3. Dicho de una población: Principal y cabeza de un Estado …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Capital.fr — Capital (mensuel) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Capital (homonymie).   …   Wikipédia en Français

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